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Monsummano Terme

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  Summary  

Monsummano Terme is an comune located in the Province of Pistoia, Tuscany, central Italy. It is located in the Valdinievole, and is a popular spa resort.

It is comoposed by two separate nuclei: Monsummano Alta, of Etruscan origins and with a castle and a line of walls, overlook the lower Monsummano Bassa, built starting from 1602 around a sanctuary commissioned by Ferdinand I, Grand Duke of Tuscany.

It was the birthplace of French actor Yves Montand and Italian poet Giuseppe Giusti.

  History  

In Etruscan and Roman times, the Valdinievole was classified as a transit site, with some sacred resting places, as evidenced by a bronze piece of art from the 3rd century BC promachos of Hercules, found in 1887 at Castelmartini and today can be found at the city’s museum. Going back to the Roman archeological sites , on the slopes of Monte Albano.

The settlement of the castle of Monsummano Alto is documented from 1260, but probably existed since the previous century, or, as some have suggested due to the topology from the Lombard era. The castle was at the center of battles between Florence and Lucca, with its final conquest in 1331. The flat area was swampy , which became a human settlement in the second half of the 16th century with the construction of several farms and houses.
The lower section of the town dates mainly to the seventeenth century, when, after the miraculous apparition of the Virgin on 9 June 1573, the Grand Duke Ferdinand I of Tuscany started the construction of the Shrine of Our Lady of Fontenova (1602-1605) as well as other buildings for the reception of pilgrims, such as Osteria dei Pellegrini, now the city’s Museum.

During the 19th century Monsummano Terme was home of writer and politician Ferdinando Martini and of the patriotic poet Giuseppe Giusti. His birthplace and a memorial at the center of the square have both become dedicated to him. The monument also symbolizes his distaste for the clergy, showing the poet facing way from the church.

The city, after a flow emigration with the advent of Fascism, became a place of immigration in the years 1951-1961, mainly from southern Italy, passing rapidly from 9,708 residents to 11,631 , due to the footwear sectors rise.

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Whole or part of the information contained in this card come from the Wikipedia article "Monsummano Terme", licensed under CC-BY-SA full list of contributors here.